Research in My Major

A. James Clark School of Engineering 
 

College of Agriculture and Natural Resources 
                                  

School of Architecture, Preservation, and Planning 
                   

College of Arts and Humanities

College of Behavioral and Social Sciences 
                               

Robert H. Smith School of Business

College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences
         

College of Education

School of Public Health
 

Philip Merrill College of Journalism

 

 

 

A James. Clark School of Engineering

1137 Glenn L. Martin Hall
(301) 405-3855
http://www.eng.umd.edu/

 

College-Wide Research Opportunities

Semester-Long Research Programs (Fall, Spring, Summer)

ASPIRE Program (A Scholars Program for Industry-oriented Research in Engineering) 
2120 Potomac Building 
(301) 405-3906 
ASPIRE offers students a unique opportunity to venture beyond the classroom through collaboration with engineering faculty and staff on mutually interesting projects with industry relevance. ASPIRE introduces undergraduates to the discipline and rewards of industrially-oriented engineering projects. Students perform research during the Fall and/or Spring semesters under the guidance of an engineering faculty or staff mentor. ASPIRE awardees receive a scholarship of $1,000 for each semester project. For Summer projects, students receive a scholarship of $3,000 for the summer.
ISR (The Institute for System Research) Undergraduate Research Assistants Program 
Undergraduate Research Assistants (URA) participate in ISR's interdisciplinary research through research projects conducted by ISR faculty members. Assistants are selected by ISR faculty members for URA appointments of one or two semesters or one-year periods.
Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics Undergraduate Research Fellowships
The University of Maryland's Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics is offering exciting research opportunities for undergraduate students. Research will be theoretical, experimental, or both. Examples of projects are listed on this website and are linked to their respective descriptions. You are encouraged to contact the professor or research scientist directly if you would like more information about a particular area of research.

Summer Only Research Programs

Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics Summer Fellows Program
As part of our education mission, the Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics endeavors to enhance the preparation of students for careers in science and engineering. Toward that goal, IREAP has initiated the Undergraduate Summer Research (USR) Program which seeks to broaden the education experience of undergraduate science and engineering students through direct involvement in IREAP research projects.
Materials Research Science and Engineering Research Center (MRSEC) Research Experience for Undergraduates
Join the UMD-MRSEC for a life-changing summer research experience! We offer exciting research internship opportunities for undergraduate students currently in their sophomore or junior year with a strong interest in physics, chemistry, and engineering.
Women in Engineering Cybersecurity (CS) Scholars
Experience the creativity of the research process, contribute to exciting discoveries, and gain valuable experience through CSS, coordinated by the Women in Engineering Program. Undergraduate CS Scholars function as integral members of a team-based research project coordinated by a female faculty member in the Clark School of Engineering.

3 Year-Long Programs with Research Components

Quality Enhancement Systems and Teams (QUEST) Program
This innovative, three-year program invites high-achieving students to progress in team-based courses led by an interdisciplinary faculty. The QUEST program is a collaborative effort between the Robert H. Smith School of Business and the A. James Clark School of Engineering, and admits students from those schools as well as the College of Computer, Mathematical, and Physical Sciences. Business, Engineering and CMPS freshmen and five-year sophomores may apply.

 

Department-Specific Research Opportunities

Summer Only Research Programs

MERIT: Maryland Engineering Research Internship Teams (Electrical Engineering)
The Maryland Engineering Research Internship Teams (MERIT) program combines cutting-edge, team-based research with technical and educational seminars. Students typically work in teams of two or three and are supervised jointly by faculty members and graduate students.
Research Experience for Undergraduates Program in Molecular and Cellular Bioengineering (Bioengineering)
The Molecular & Cellular Bioengineering REU program focuses on the investigation of fundamental bioengineering questions using techniques that elucidate the roles of elemental participants. Major research initiatives are underway in topics including bio-microelectromechanical systems, biomechanics, biomolecular engineering, cardiovascular mechanics, cellular and metabolic engineering, drug delivery, biomedical imaging, nanobiotechnology, neuroengineering, systems biology, and tissue engineering.

 

Other Research Opportunities

Students may be eligible to participate in research through a departmental honors program or through an independent section of a research course. For further information about these opportunities, please check out individual departments and the following pages:

Department Honors Program Research for Credit
Aerospace Engineering More >> ENAE499 Elective Research
Bioengineering
---
BIOE399 Independent Study in Bioengineering
Chemical and Biomolecular
---
ENCH468 Research
Civil and Environmental
---
ENCE489 Special Problems in Civil Engineering
Electrical and Computer Engineering More >> ENEE499 Senior Projects in Electrical and Computer Engineering
Fire Protection
---
ENFP429 Independent Studies; ENFP489 Special Topics
Material Science and Engineering
---
ENMA499 Senior Laboratory Project
Mechanical Engineering
---
ENME488 Special Problems

College of Agriculture and Natural Resources

1104 Symons Hall
(301) 405-7761
http://www.agnr.umd.edu

 

College-Wide Research Opportunities

Semester-Long Research Opportunities (Fall, Spring, Summer)

Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (JIFSAN) Internships
The JIFSAN internship program allows undergraduate students at the University of Maryland, College Park to participate in research at FDA facilities, including the Harvey Wiley Building in College Park and the MOD1 & MOD11 facilities on Muirkirk Road in Laurel, MD. Internships require a time commitment of 8-10 hours/week during the semester and 30 hours/week during winterterm and summer. After 100 hours as an unpaid intern, JIFSAN interns become eligible to compete for a paid internship for subsequent semesters.

 

Other Research Opportunities

Students may be eligible to participate in research through a departmental honors program or through an independent section of a research course. For further information about these opportunities, please check out individual departments and the following pages:
College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Honors Program
The College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Honors Program is intended to provide academically talented students with the opportunity for significant professional development through pursuit of a scholarly investigation under the guidance of a faculty adviser and to provide recognition of that development through the college honors citation. The scholarly investigation should go beyond the scope of the regular curriculum.


Department Honors Research for Credit
Animal and Avian Sciences
---
ANSC386 Experiential Learning; ANSC399 Special Problems in Animal Science
Agricultural & Resource Economics
---
AREC399 Special Problems
Environmental Science and Policy More >> ENSP386 Internship; ENSP499 Honors Thesis Research
Environmental Science and Technology
---
ENST489 Field Experience; ENST499 Special Topics in Environmental Science and Technology
Nutrition and Food Science
---
NFSC498 Selected Topics
Plant Science and Landscape Architecture
---
PLSC399 Special Problems in Plant Science

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Architecture Building
     (301) 405-8000
http://www.arch.umd.edu

 

Research Components of Departmental Programs

Architecture
The thesis sequence at Maryland is an integral part of the curriculum; it allows, in fact demands, a self-directed study. The student individually defines an architectural problem and generates architectural solutions. Many theses are motivated by social and cultural problems, and others are more narrowly focused on the craft or practice of architecture. More >>
Urban Studies and Planning
Student work in the Urban Studies and Planning Program consists of individual research, collaboration with faculty members, class projects, and semester-long team studio projects. In the studio projects, students address a particular issue or problem facing a community by talking with stakeholders to clarify the nature of the problem, designing a research strategy, collecting and analyzing a range of information, and presenting an oral and written report containing analyses and recommendations. More >>

College of Arts and Humanities (ARHU)

1102 Francis Scott Key Hall
(301) 405-2088
http://www.arhu.umd.edu

 

College-Wide Research Opportunities

Programs with Research Components for Incoming Freshmen

Honors Humanities Program
The Honors Humanities program features a living/learning experience, an academically challenging curriculum, and attentive advising by program faculty. The curriculum of Honors Humanities is designed to show how the humanities and arts work--both as knowledge-making disciplines and as venues for significant public action. Participants in the Honors Humanities program complete an individual research project over a period of four semesters.

 

Departmental Research Opportunities

Students may be eligible to participate in research through a departmental honors program or through an independent section of a research course. For further information about these opportunities, please check out individual departments and the following pages:

Department Honors Program Research for Credit
American Studies More >> AMST388 Honors Thesis; AMST398 Independent Studies
Art History & Archeology More >> ARTH498 Directed Studies in Art History; ARTH499 Honors Thesis
Classics
---
CLAS499 Independent Study in Classical Languages and Literatures
Communications More >> COMM489 Topical Research
Comparative Literature See English Honors CMLT386 Experiential Learning
English More >> ENGL429 Independent Research in English; ENGL495 Independent Study in Honors
French More >> FREN386 Experiential Learning; FREN399 Directed Study in French; FREN495 Honors Thesis Research; FREN499 Special Topics in French Studies
Italian
---
 
Germanic More >> GERM386 Experiential Learning; GERM498H Honors Thesis Writing
History More >> HIST499 Independent Study
Jewish Studies More >> JWST499 Independent Study in Jewish Studies
Linguistics More >> LING499 Directed Studies in Linguistics
Philosophy More >> PHIL386 Experiential Learning; PHIL498 Topical Investigations: Topical Investigation
Spanish and Portuguese More >> SPAN386 Experiential Learning; SPAN399 Independent Study in Spanish; SPAN495 Honors Reading
Women's Studies More >> WMST499 Independent Study

 

College of Behavioral and Social Sciences

2141 Tydings Hall
(301) 405-1697
http://www.bsos.umd.edu

 

College-Wide Research Opportunities

2 Year Programs with Research Components for Incoming Freshmen

Civicus
CIVICUS is an academic citation program centered around 5 tenets of civil society: citizenship, leadership, community building in a diverse society, scholarship, and community service-learning. During the final semester of this two-year learning and living program, students participate in a Supervised internship, engage in community service, or complete a research project on a civil society topic. This final project demonstrates the application and continued study of skills and concepts, grounded in the social sciences, relevant to understanding and effectively dealing with contemporary social issues.

Summer Programs for Rising Juniors and Seniors

Summer Research Initiative
The program was developed to reinforce the interest of talented and underrepresented students in pursuing academic careers through graduate study. The Summer Research Initiative gives promising undergraduates the opportunity to experience hands-on research and to learn about graduate programs at the University of Maryland. tudents in the program participate in a faculty-guided research project and a twice weekly seminar series, attend off-site visits to local research institutions, and present their research to the University of Maryland academic community in a poster session. Participating academic departments include Anthropology, Criminology & Criminal Justice, Geography, Government & Politics, Hearing & Speech Sciences, Psychology, and Sociology.

 

Departmental Research Opportunities

Programs by Department

Archeology in Annapolis (Anthropology, Archeology)
This intensive, six-week field school devotes eight hours daily to supervised archaeological fieldwork, laboratory work, stratigraphic analysis, technical drawing, writing and interpretation. Skill development will focus on: soil identification and description; accurate record keeping and photography; artifact identification and cataloguing; understanding of site formation processes and reconstruction of site stratigraphy; basic surveying and mapping; elements of site report production (e.g., background historical research, reconstruction of site stratigraphy, production of unit summaries and familiarity with professional standards and guidelines for conducting and reporting on fieldwork and laboratory analysis); and public speaking and interpretation.
Hearing and Speech Sciences Research (Hearing and Speech Science)
Most faculty members are actively engaged in research programs which can provide valuable and interesting experiences for the student. Often, in addition to working closely with an individual faculty member, the HESP major has an opportunity to work and interact with other undergraduates, and with graduate students. Various opportunities are available for research experience. Students may go to the HESP faculty research site to identify potential projects and mentors. Students may also contact individual faculty and graduate students regarding research opportunities.
Psychology Research Opportunities (Psychology)
Most faculty members are actively engaged in research programs which can provide valuable and interesting experiences for the student. Often, in addition to working closely with an individual faculty member, the undergraduate student (PSYC major) has an opportunity to work and interact with other undergraduates, and with graduate students. Various opportunities are available for research experience. The Psychology Undergraduate Listserve is one source of possible research positions on campus. Students may also contact individual faculty and graduate students regarding research opportunities.
National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) (Government and Politics)

 

The National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) offers a number of research opportunities for undergraduates at the University of Maryland. Each semester, START hosts undergraduates in a for-credit internship program that connects students with ongoing, faculty-led research projects related to the study of terrorism and responses to terrorism. Students have worked on projects involving such topics as: terrorist acts committed by ethnic minority groups; geospatial patterns of terrorism; potential terrorist use of radiological/nuclear weapons; and incidents of maritime piracy.

In addition to semester internships, START also runs a summer research program, in which students from across the country work 20-40 hours/week on START research projects while also attending a professional development series designed to provide them in-depth knowledge of terrorism studies research being conducted around the world as well as to facilitate their professional development.

Honors Programs and Research for Credit

Students may be eligible to participate in research through a departmental honors program or through an independent section of a research course. For further information about these opportunities, please check out individual departments and the following pages:

Department Honors Program Research for Credit
African American Studies More >> AASP386 Experiential Learning; AASP397 Senior Thesis
Anthropology More >> ANTH476 Senior Research; ANTH486 Honors Research
Criminology and Criminal Justice More >> CCJS399 Independent Study in Criminology and Criminal Justice
Economics More >> ECON399 Individual Readings and Research For Undergraduates
Geography More >> GEOG396 Honors Research; GEOG398 Special Topics in Geography
Government and Politics More >> GVPT386 Experiential Learning; GVPT388 Topical Investigations; GVPT397 Honors Research
Hearing and Speech Sciences More >> HESP499 Independent Study: Topics in the Hearing and Speech Sciences
Psychology More >> PSYC478 Independent Study in Psychology; PSYC499H Honors Thesis Research
Sociology More >> SOCY399 Independent Study in Sociology

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Robert H. Smith School of Business

 

1570 Van Munching Hall
(301) 405-2286
http://www.rhsmith.umd.edu 

 

College-Wide Research Opportunities

2-3 Year Long Programs with Research Components

Quality Enhancement Systems and Teams (QUEST)
This innovative, three-year program invites high-achieving students to progress in team-based courses led by an interdisciplinary faculty. The QUEST program is a collaborative effort between the Robert H. Smith School of Business and the A. James Clark School of Engineering, and admits students from those schools as well as the College of Computer, Mathematical, and Physical Sciences. Business, Engineering and CMPS freshmen and five-year sophomores may apply.
Business Honors Program
The Smith School Honors program offers students with superior academic achievements special opportunities and resources, including the opportunity to participate in cutting-edge research on business issues, and to graduate with honors. Students in the honors program take their upper-level BMGT core courses in small, seminar-style honors sections, which allow in-depth exploration of business topics in marketing, finance, management and organization, business law, and policy and strategy.

Research for Credit

Students may be eligible to participate in research through an independent section of a research course. For further information about these opportunities, please check out business school advising and ask about BMGT398 Individual Study in Business and Management.

College of Computer, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences

CMNS Research Website

 

College-Wide Research Opportunities

Semester-Long Research Programs (Fall, Spring, Summer)

Catalyst Seminar (BSCI 279C)
The goal of the Catalyst Seminar is to introduce new students to the diversity of research opportunities available to them in the College of Life Sciences and facilitate interaction among students and faculty investigators. Students will learn about the life sciences research currently being conducted at the University of Maryland through a series of faculty seminars and informal coffee hours. The seminar will also provide an opportunity for students to learn skills essential for becoming successful student researchers, such as strategies for negotiating the research process, locating a faculty mentor, ethics in science, and critical analysis of research papers and proposals.
Joint Institute for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (JIFSAN)
The JIFSAN internship program allows undergraduate students at the University of Maryland, College Park to participate in research at FDA facilities, including the Harvey Wiley Building in College Park and the MOD1 and MOD11 facilities on Muirkirk Road in Laurel, MD. Internships require a time commitment of 8-10 hours/week during the semester and 30 hours/week during winterterm and summer. After 100 hours as an unpaid intern, JIFSAN interns become eligible to compete for a paid internship for subsequent semesters.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute Research Fellowship Program
The Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program sponsored by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) and the College of Chemical & Life Sciences, University of Maryland supports the independent research activities of talented undergraduate students under the direct supervision of a faculty investigator/mentor. The objectives of the program are to allow students to experience the investigative process, demonstrate their aptitude for research, develop a close collaboration with a faculty mentor, and strengthen their conviction in their career choice. The Undergraduate Fellowship program encourages the submission of applications from members of groups traditionally underrepresented in the sciences.

Summer Research Programs

Center for Bioinformatics & Computational Biology Summer Program

CBCB offers undergraduates the opportunity to get hands-on research experience in bioinformatics as part of an ongoing research projects within CBCB. The program involves full-time research (40 hours/ week) and students will get to choose from among several projects. Students will be able to attend seminars and lectures to enrich their experience. Students are compensated at a rate of $10/ hour.

Maryland Sea Grant

Maryland Sea Grant offers 14 undergraduate students the opportunity to conduct marine research in biology, chemistry and physical oceanography on the Chesapeake Bay. As part of a research team, you will work on an individual project in areas including estuarine processes, biogeochemistry, contaminants, fisheries, physical oceanography, the benthic environment, and submerged aquatic vegetation. As part of a research team, you will work on an individual project in areas including estuarine processes, biogeochemistry, contaminants, fisheries, physical oceanography, the benthic environment, and submerged aquatic vegetation.

 

Departmental Research Opportunities

Summer Research Programs

Training and Research Experiences in Nonlinear Dynamics (TREND) (Physics)
The University of Maryland's Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, with support from the National Science Foundation and the Department of Defense, offers research opportunities for undergraduate students in the broad area of nonlinear dynamics. Students from a variety of universities and backgrounds typically work in teams of two or three for 11 weeks during the summer and are supervised jointly by faculty members and graduate students. Research projects will be theoretical, experimental, or both. Examples of research topics are: theoretical studies of chaos in time and space, experimental studies of patterns in granular media, the development of singularities in fluids and solids, nonlinear dynamics in optical systems, nonlinear dynamics in charged particle beams and devices, and turbulence and nonlinear phenomena in plasmas.
(SPIRAL) (Mathematics)
The Math SPIRAL summer program in the Department of Mathematics at the University of Maryland in College Park is funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Security Agency (NSA). Working with a group of affiliated minority serving colleges and universities, we bring gifted rising sophomores and rising juniors to the College Park campus for a six-week intensive program to help prepare them for graduate study and active careers in the mathematical sciences.

Semester and Year Long Research Opportunities

Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics: Research in Faculty Labs
A student may receive credit for performing research in the laboratory of one of the faculty in the Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics. Please visit our website for more information.
Undergraduate Research Opportunities in the Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences
This program provides the opportunity for undergraduates to collaborate with a faculty member and his or her research group in the area of atmospheric and oceanic sciences. Participants may help write a scientific paper, or even write one entirely on their own; they may also be given an opportunity to present such a paper at a professional conference. The following general topics are available for undergrad research: Atmospheric Chemistry and Air Pollution, Climate Diagnostics, Earth System Science, Numerical Weather Prediction and Atmospheric Dynamics, Physical Oceanography and Air/Sea interaction, and Remote Sensing.
Undergraduate Research Opportunities in Astronomy
A variety of research experiences are available for undergraduates at the University of Maryland. Students with an interest in performing research, either independently or in conjunction with faculty and graduate students, should contact the person identified on this website or the Undergraduate Astronomy Advisor.
Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research (Geology, Physics)
Our aim in the Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research (LMDR) is to apply fundamental chemistry and physics to problems in economic geology, igneous petrology, and industrial mineralogy. For information about high school, undergraduate, and graduate research opportunities and internships, please check out this website.
Undergraduate Research Opportunities in Physics
This link contains a listing of physics professors and information about possible undergraduate research opportunities they may offer. This list is not exhaustive; please contact physics professors not listed to discuss their field of research an possible opportunities for undergraduates.
Institute for Physical Sciences and Technology (IPST) (Physics)
The Institute for Physical Science and Technology's primary focus is research in interdisciplinary areas that fall outside the boundaries of traditional academic departments. IPST offers a variety of research projects that welcome undergradute participation. Interested students are encouraged to make direct contact with sponsoring faculty.
Stable Isotope Laboratory (Physics)
For information about high school, undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral research opportunities and internships, please visit our website.
Isotope Geochemistry Laboratory (Geology, Physics, Chemistry)
There are a variety of opportunities for undergraduate geology students to participate in research with members of the IGL . These include the possibility of work on samples from Earth's mantle and crust, and extraterrestrial materials. Interested students are encouraged to visit our website.
Plasma Mass Spectrometry Laboratory (Geology, Physics, Chemistry)
Geology undergraduates and others with background in chemistry and/or physics are invited to participate in research with members of the Plasma Lab. Research opportunities include hands on experience in chemical and/or isotopic analyses and data processing. Please visit our website for more information.

Honors Programs and Research for Credit

Students may be eligible to participate in research through a departmental honors program or through an independent section of a research course. For further information about these opportunities, please check out individual departments and the following pages:

Department Honors Program Research for Credit
Astronomy More >> ASTR498 Special Problems in Astronomy
Atmospheric and Oceanic Science More >> AOSC 499 Directed Research; AOSC493 & AOSC498 Senior Thesis Sequence
Biology More >> BSCI399 Biology Department Research
Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics More >> BSCI399 Biology Department Research
Chemistry and Biochemistry More >> CHEM399 Introduction to Chemical Research
Computer Science More >> CMSC499 Independent Undergraduate Research
Entomology More >> BSCI399 Biology Department Research
Geology Senior Thesis >> GEOL394 Research Problems in Geology
Mathematics More >> MATH489 Research Interactions in Mathematics: Research Interactions in Mathematics; MATH498A Selected Topics in Mathematics
Physics More >> PHYS499A Special Problems in Physics

College of Education

Benjamin Building
(301) 405-2344

http://www.education.umd.edu/

 

College-Wide Research Opportunities

Opportunities in Research Laboratories

Child Development Laboratory
Research at the Child Development Laboratory focuses on multiple facets of socio-emotional development during infancy and the preschool years. Researchers study cognitive and emotional development in infants and young children and are interested in the observation and measurement of emotion expression, experience and emotion regulation. The Child Development Laboratory specializes in developmental psychophysiology including the measurement of brain electrical activity (EEG).
Social and Moral Development Laboratory

 

 

The Social and Moral Development Laboratory is housed in the Department of Human Development, University of Maryland, College Park, and its research focuses on how children, adolescents, and young adults evaluate social and moral issues in everyday life. Post-doctoral fellows, graduate students, and undergraduate students collaborate on a range of projects. Students study developmental theory, research methodology, conduct data analysis, read the current research literature, and communicate the findings through presentations and publications. The general topics investigated in the Social and Moral Development Laboratory include developmental social cognition, moral reasoning, intergroup attitudes and relationships, explicit judgments and implicit biases, stereotyping, and the role of culture on social development.

 

 

School of Public Health

3310 Health and Human Performance Building
(301) 405-2438

http://www.sph.umd.edu/

 

Departmental Research Opportunities

 

Honors Programs and Research for Credit

Students may be eligible to participate in research through a departmental honors program or through an independent section of a research course. For further information about these opportunities, please check out individual departments and the following pages:



Department Honors Program Research for Credit
Behavioral and Community Health
---
 
Family Science More >> FMSC 399 Independent Study
Kinesiology More >>  
Public Health Science (SG)
---
 

 

Phi Alpha Epsilon (PAE) is a local honorary society open to undergraduate students in Community Health, Family Science, Kinesiology, and Physical Education.

Current Research Opportunities in Family Science may also be found here.

 

 

Philip Merrill College of Journalism

1100 Knight Hall
(301) 405-2438

http://www.merrill.umd.edu/

 

Departmental Research Opportunities

 

Honors Programs and Research for Credit

No departmental honors program currently exists within the College, however, academically outstanding students are recognized through Kappa Tau Alpha, the Journalism academic honor society.Students may be eligible to participate in research through an independent section of a research course. For further information, please check out the following page:

Department Honors Program Research for Credit
Journalism
---
JOUR 398/698 Independent Study